Bauxite Residue
Organics in the Bayer Process
General Bauxite - Alumina
  • Bartsch, P., Connelly, D., Miller, G., Power, G., Sinclair, R. & Smith, P. 2013, Developments in Hydrometallurgical Technologies and Processes. Australasian Mining and Metallurgical Operating Practices. pp 131-144.

  • Smith, P. & Xu, B. 2010, Options for processing High Silica Bauxites. XViii International Symposium of ICSOBA.  Zheng Zhou China, ICSOBA.184-192. 

  • Smith, P. 2009, The processing of high silica bauxites - Review of existing and potential processes. Hydrometallurgy, vol 98, pp 162-176

  • Dudek, K., Jones, F., Radomirovic, T. & Smith, P. 2009, The effect of anatase, rutile and sodium titanate on the dissolution of boehmite and gibbsite at 90ºC. International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol 93, pp 135-140

  • Wang, H., Smith, P., Ibana, D., Xu, B., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Newcombe, B., Wang, X., Weng, W., Tian, Y., Wang, K. & Ngothai, Y. 2008, Techniques and mineral chemistry of high silica bauxites for the Bayer process. Chemeca 2008, Newcastle, NSW, Engineers Australia.1678-1686. 

  • Davies, M., Smith, P., Bruckard, W. J. & Woodcock, J. T. 2008, Treatment of salt cakes by aqueous leaching and Bayer-type digestion. Minerals Engineering, vol 21, pp 605-612

  • Sipos, G., Shaw, M., Seydel, U., Parkinson, G., McKinnon, A., Smith, P. & Kildea, J. 1999, Quaternary amines as sodium oxalate seed stabilizers in Bayer liquor. Fifth International Alumina Quality Workshop.  Bunbury, W.A.425-436.

Patent
  • Smith, P. & Harato, T. 2012. Recovery of sodium from bauxite residue in alumina production, involves transforming sodium in residue into soluble salt, neutralizing, solid-liquid separating, processing liquor containing solubilized sodium using electrochemical system. WO2012145797-A1 WOAU000443 27 Apr 2012.

Our Publications by Subject

This page provides a list of our publications conveniently arranged in subject groups. Underlined text indicates a link to the publication source; Underlined red italics indicates a link to the full text of a public domain article.

Pre-Desilication
  • Radomirovic, T., Smith, P., Southam, D., Tashi, S. & Jones, F. 2013, Crystallization of sodalite particles under Bayer-type conditions. Hydrometallurgy, vol 137, pp 84-91.

  • Radomirovic, T., Smith, P. & Jones, F. 2013, Using absorbance as a measure of turbidity in highly caustic solutions. International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol 118, pp 59-64.

  • Smith, P., Wingate, C. & De Silva, L. 2008, Mobility of included soda in sodalite. Eighth International Alumina Quality Workshop. Darwin N.T.27-30.

  • Jones, F. & Smith, P. 2008, What is the kinetic order of desilication? Eighth international alumina quality workshop.  Darwin, N.T.100-102. 

  • Lowe, J. L., Rohl, A. L., Gale, J. D., Smith, P. G. & Parkinson, G. M. 2006, Incorporation of impurity anions into DSP: insights into structure and stability from computer modelling. Molecular Simulation, vol 32, pp 35-44

  • Lowe, J. L., Hart, R. D., Smith, P. G., Rohl, A. & Parkinson, G. 2005, Morphology and crystallinity: Insights into the mechanism of growth of DSP.  Seventh International Alumina Quality Workshop, Perth, W.A., AQW Inc.168-173. 

  • Lowe, J. L., Smith, P. G., Rohl, A. L., Pennifold, R. & Parkinson, G. 2002, Understanding growth of DSP in the presence of inorganic ions. Sixth international alumina quality workshop. ed. Brisbane, Qld.191-194.

  • Smith, P. G., Pennifold, R., Lwin, T. & Kane, A. 2001, The composition of DSP formed under predesilication and high temperature Bayer digestion conditions. Light Metals. ed. New Orleans, LA, Minerals, Metals and Materials Society/AIME, 184 Thorn Hill Road, Warrendale, PA 15086-7528, USA.5-11. 

  • Riley, G., Smith, P., Binet, D. & Pennifold, R. 1999, Plant impurity balances and impurity inclusion in DSP. Fifth international alumina quality workshop. ed. Bunbury, W.A.404-414.

 

​Silica Chemistry
  • Xu, B., Wingate, C. & Smith, P. 2009, The effect of surface area on the modelling of quartz dissolution under conditions relevant to the Bayer process. Hydrometallurgy, vol 98, pp 108-115

  • Xu, B., Wingate, C. & Smith, P. 2008, The kinetics of quartz dissolution in caustic solutions and synthetic Bayer liquors Light Metals.  New Orleans, 157-161. 

​Digestion
  • Smith, P. 2017, Reactions of lime under high temperature Bayer digestion conditions. Hydrometallurgy, vol 170, pp 16-23.

  • Ireland, M., Wang, X., Radomirovic, T., Smith, P. & Jones, F. 2014, Investigating the impact of anatase on the dissolution of boehmite. Hydrometallurgy, vol 147, pp 246-254.

  • Xu, B., Smith, P. & De Silva, L. 2013, The Bayer digestion behaviour of transition aluminas formed from roasted gibbsite. International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol 122, pp 22-28.

  • Xu, B. & Smith, P. 2012, The effect of iron sources on caustic and alumina recovery from synthetic bayer DSP (sodalite). Hydrometallurgy, vol 129, pp 26-29.

  • Xu, B. G., Smith, P., Wingate, C. & De Silva, L. 2010, The effect of calcium and temperature on the transformation of sodalite to cancrinite in Bayer digestion. Hydrometallurgy, vol 105, pp 75-81.

  • Xu, B., Smith, P., Wingate, C. & De Silva, L. 2010, The effect of anatase and lime on the transformation of sodalite to cancrinite in Bayer digestion at 250'C. Light Metals ed. Seattle, WA, 81-86.

  • Xu, B., Wingate, C. & Smith, P. 2009, Transformation of sodalite to cancrinite under high temperature Bayer digestion conditions.  Light Metals, San Francisco, CA, 51-56. 

​Precipitation
Calcination
Analysis & Measurement
Cleaner Production & Sustainability
Flocculation
  • Senaputra, A., Jones, F., Fawell, P. D. & Smith, P. G. 2014, Focused Beam Reflectance Measurement for Monitoring the Extent and Efficiency of Flocculation in Mineral Systems. AICHE Journal, vol 60, pp 251-265.

  • Senaputra, A., Fawell, P., Jones, F. & Smith, P. 2013, Sodalite Solids Formation at the Surface of Iron Oxide and Its Impact on Flocculation. Light Metals. ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc.75-82.

  • Senaputra, A., Fawell, P., Jones, F. & Smith, P. 2012, The impact of desilication product on bauxite residue flocculation. Ninth International Alumina Quality Workshop. ed. Perth, AQW Inc.186-192.

Air Quality

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